Direct assessments (or direct measures) of a learning outcome "reveal what students know and can do [while] indirect measures suggest why performance was above or below expectations and what might be done to improve the processes of education" (Banta, 2004, p. 5). Using a combination of direct and indirect measures is advisable, because they offer complementary information. However, assessment plans must include direct measures in order to supply credible information for decision-making (Palomba & Banta, 1999).
Below are some direct assessments that engineering programs nationwide have found useful. The pages below are intended to
In Lecture/Recitation Format Courses
In Laboratory or Project Format Courses
In Various Engineering Courses
For additional ideas, please contact us (firstname.lastname@example.org).
Banta, T. W. (2004). Introduction: What are some hallmarks of effective practice in assessment? In T. W. Banta (Ed.) Hallmarks of Effective Outcomes Assessment. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
Palomba, C. A. & Banta, T. W. (1999). Assessment Essentials: Planning, Implementing, and Improving Assessment in Higher Education. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
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